Crowsnest Highway

2.5B BP - 1837
1837 - 1862
1862 - 1872
1872 - 1882
1882 - 1887
1887 - 1890
1890 - 1893
1893 - 1896
1896 - 1898
1898 - 1899
1899 - 1901
1901 - 1903
1903 - 1906
1906 - 1910
1910 - 1913
1913 - 1917
1917 - 1922
1922 - 1930
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2010 - 2016

Time Line
for South-western Canada
Page 9 (1896 - 1898)

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1896B.C.: Oblates of Mary Immaculate sell their Mission in the Okanagan valley of BC.
1896B.C.: The Balfour Steam Navigation Company launches Angerona onto Kootenay Lake, BC.
1896John W. Cleaver, E.C. (Edwd.) Smith and W.C. Burchett sell the Sullivan group of mines at Mark Creek Crossing, BC, to consortium of Spokane businessmen headed by W.W. Ridpath and G.H. Turner for $24,000.
1896Calgary, N-WT.: The Calgary Indian Industrial School (St. Dunstan’s) opens. Anglican.
1896B.C.: The London and B.C. Goldfields, Limited, locates the Ymir mine.
1896The Boundary Mines Company of New York bonds the No. 7 near Greenwood, BC.
1896N-WT.: Arthur Wm. Gillingham’s new sawmill at the confluence of the Crowsnest and Oldman rivers destroyed by explosion.
1896?N-WT.: School established at “French Flats” (now Cowley, AB).
1896N-WT.: Fr. Foisy opens Sacred Heart Residential School on the Piikani reserve. Staffed by the Grey Nuns.
1896Pincher Creek, N-WT.: Creek first bridged.
1896B.C.: E.E. Alexander files claim to the Betts and Hesperus properties on Hardy Mountain near Grand Forks.
1896Nakusp, B.C.: C&KSN launches the Columbia (50 tons).
1896B.C.: F.X. Richter planted the first commercial apple orchard in the Similkameen valley.
1896B.C.: The Jewel and the Denoro Grande staked near Greenwood.
1896Jan. 7Rossland, B.C.: Electricity generated for domestic use.
1896Jan. 14B.C.: Kaslo and Slocan Railway’s four mile long branch from Sandon to Cody opened for business.
1896Jan. 21Nelson, BC.: Hall Mines blew in its first, small furnace in its smelter.
1896FebruaryAlberta Railway and Coal Company announces intention to build westward from Lethbridge, N-WT, through the Crowsnest Pass to Kootenay Lake, BC.
1896Feb. 1Nelson Electric Light Company begins delivering power.
1896Feb. 1Trail Creek Landing, BC.: First furnace in smelter blown in.
1896Feb. 10British Columbia Mining and Smelting Company registered in B.C.
1896Feb. 23Trail Creek Landing, BC.: Monday. Production begins at smelter.
1896Mar. 7U.S.A.: President S. Grover Cleveland signs the bill dissolving the northern half of the Colville Indian Reservation in Washington.
1896Mar. 31Waneta, B.C., “... erected into an Outport of Customs and Warehousing Port, and placed under the survey of the Collector of Customs at Nelson... .”
1896Apr. 1Trail Creek Landing, B.C.: First shipment from smelter.
1896Apr. 7Nelson, B.C.: C&KSN launches the Kokanee (348 tons). Dismantled 1923.
1896Apr. 17B.C. political: The Mineral Act of 1896 read into law.
1896Apr. 17B.C.: An Act to Incorporate the Columbia and Western Railway Company (C&W) receives royal assent: Capitalization of $5 million.
1896Apr. 21CPR announces that it will not, after all, build into Rossland.
1896Apr. 22Libby, MT.: aUpper Columbia Navigation and Tramway launches Ruth.
1896Apr. 23Federal: 59 Victoria chapter 44, “An Act to revive and amend the Act to incorporate the Alberta Irrigation Company” receives royal assent.
1896Apr. 26A Sunday.
1896Apr. 26Ainsworth, B.C.: CBD levelled by fire.
1896MayGreat Britain: The London and British Columbia Goldfields Company Limited formed to buy Canadian mining properties. Re-structured in March of 1899; H.W. Forster, a close financial ally of J.J. Hill, director.
1896MayB.C.: Road to Moyie from Rykert’s on the Boundary south of Kootenay Lake begun. Finished in October of 1897.
1896May 1Charles Tupper succeeds as Conservative prime minister of Canada. Honourable H.J. Macdonald appointed Minister of the Interior and Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs.
1896May 9Nakusp, B.C.: C&KSN launches the Trail (663 tons). Burned 1900.
1896JuneB.C.: Colonel Ridpath of the Sullivan Group Mining Company renames Mark Creek Crossing, “Kimberley.”
1896June 11Rossland, B.C.: First train load of ore shipped to Trail Creek Landing smelter on the Columbia and Western Railway’s “Trail Creek Tramway.”
1896June 12B.C.: The International Navigation and Trading Company incorporated provincially to absorb the assets of the the International Trading Company Limited.
1896SummerChristina Lake, B.C.: Charles Sandner pre-empts 320 acres.
1896SummerTrail Creek Landing, B.C.: B. Abernathy hired as constable.
1896June 23Federal Election: Wilfrid Laurier leads Liberals to power in Canada; 117 of 213 seats.
1896June 23H. Bosrock (Liberal) elected for the District of Cariboo and Yale, B.C.
1896JulyN-WT: Wild fires destroy much timber in the Old Man/Crowsnest River drainage area.
1896July 7Kaslo, B.C.: International Navigation and Trading Co. launches International (525 tons) at Mirror Lake Yards. Withdrawn 1909.
1896July 14Jerry Potts dead. Buried in Ft. Macleod Police Cemetery.
1896July 17B.C.: Reports in the press that the CPR intended to build a 2500 ton/day smelter on the Columbia at Blueberry Creek.
1896July 20D.C. Corbin lets $555,400 contract for construction of the Columbia and Red Mountain/Red Mountain Railway and the Northport Bridge. Takes it himself.
1896July 24New Jersey: The British Columbia Smelting and Refining Company incorporated; $2.5 million in capitalization.
1896AugustN-wT: First recorded vacation trip by democrat on the waggon trail from Macleod to Crowsnest Lake.
1896SeptemberThe AR&C agrees to sell the Dunmore–Lethbridge line to the CPR.
1896Sep. 3WA: First C&RM/RMR construction train crosses the Columbia from Northport on Corbin’s cable-controlled reaction ferry.
1896Sep. 5Nelson, B.C.: Hall Mines blew in its second, 275–300 ton-per-day furnace in its smelter.
1896Sep. 16Pilot Bay, B.C.: Kootenay Mining and Smelting shuts down its smelter.
1896Sep. 30I.R. 148A, N-WT.: Si'k-okskitsis—“Black Wood Ashes”—killed Nina'msko'taput-sikumi—Medicine Crane—lover of his wife, Anu'tsis-tsis-aki—“Pretty Wolverine Woman.”
1896OctoberN-WT.: Marcella McFarland (né:e Sheran) dies.
1896Oct. 2B.C.: The British Columbia Mining and Smelting Company incorporated.
1896Oct. 7N-WT political: Responsible government instituted with Frederick William Aplin George Haultain as Premier, Attorney General and Territorial Treasurer.
1896Oct. 12I.R. 148A, N-WT.: Si'k-okskitsis—“Black Wood Ashes,” translated as “Charcoal”—wounds Kainai farm instructor Edwd. McNeill and flees to the Kainai timber reserve with his nuclear family, including Pretty Wolverine Woman.
1896NovemberRossland, B.C.: Board of Trade organized.
1896Nov. 9N-WT: Si'k-okskitsis (Charcoal) kills N-WMP Sergeant William Brock Wilde.
1896Nov. 12I.R. 148A, N-WT.: Charcoal captured.
1896Nov. 17Honourable Clifford Sifton (Liberal member from Brandon) appointed federal Minister of the Interior and Superintendent-general of Indian Affairs.
1896DecemberN-WT: Western Stock Growers Association incorporated.
1896Dec. 6B.C.: “Trail Creek Tramway” begins passenger service between Rossland and Trail Creek Landing.
1896Dec. 9F.A. Heinze contracted Winters, Parson and Boomer to lay track on the C&W right-of-way from Trail Creek Landing, BC, to West Robson.
1896Dec. 10Province of B.C. declares Red Mountain Railway complete.
1896Dec. 16State of Washington declares Columbia and Red Mountain Railway complete.
1896Dec. 31N-WT: CPR agrees to buy the “Turkey Track” rail line running from Medicine Hat, District of Assiniboia, to Lethbridge, District of Alberta, from the Alberta Railway and Coal Company for $976,590.
1896Dec. 31N-WT: All range leases declared “open” and subject to forfeit.
1896Late (? See Apr. 16, 1897) Rossland, B.C.: Sisters of Saint Joseph of Peace opened Mater Misericordia hospital.
1897Princeton, B.C.: The first business, a saloon-hotel, opened on present townsite.
1897B.C.: Glencairn Campbell pre-empts and subdivides property into the townsite of Moyie.
1897Fernie, B.C.: CNP Coal organized the Elk Lumber Company, Limited, to cut mine props.
1897Rocky Mountain Trench, B.C.: Jas. Baker has surveyor F.W. Aylmer lay out the townsite of “Cranbrooke” on Joseph’s Prairie.
1897“Cranbrooke,” B.C.: Archibald Kenneth Leitch sets up settlement’s first sawmill.
1897Salmon Siding, B.C.: Name officially trimmed to “Salmo.”
1897Federal political: Hayter Reed dismissed from the Department of Indian Affairs.
1897Lethbridge, N-WT: Galt No. 2 converted to a ventilation shaft for Galt No. 3.
1897N-WT: Geo. G. Anderson of Denver, Colorado, contracted to plan what would be called the St. mary’s Main Canal and oversee its construction.
1897I.R. 147A, N-WT: Anglicans raise their Victoria Jubilee Home (aka the “Peigan Indian Residential School”) in the Pincher Creek’s valley near the stream’s confluence with the Old Man. Demolished in 1926.
1897Midway, B.C.: Canadian customs-house established on the Kettle River valley waggon road.
1897Fairview, B.C.: The Morning Star staked and opened by Steve Margott.
1897Fairview, B.C.: The Fairview Amalgamated Gold Mining Company buys the Stemwinder and the Morning Star.
1897Fairview, B.C.: The London-based Fairview Gold Mining Company buys the Joe Dandy group.
1897Trail Creek Landing, BC.: Name officially trimmed to “Trail.”
1897Trail, B.C.: C&W builds its new station downtown.
1897Marysville, B.C.: Wm. Meacham has townsite on his property officially surveyed. (? See 1894)
1897Crowsnest Lake, N-WT: N-WM Police establish a six-man detachment. Withdrawn in 1900.
1897B.C.: The Jewel and the Denoro Grande bonded by L.W. Hill for the British Columbia Prospecting Syndicate.
1897B.C.: J. Thurber raises his small hotel on the Penticton townsite.
1897Similkameen valley, B.C.: The old grist mill built by Barrington Price near waht is now Keremeos ceases operation.
1897Similkameen valley, B.C.: Peter Scott staked Rollo on Nickel Plate Mountain for R.R. Hedley.
1897Similkameen valley, B.C.: C. Johnston and Albert Jacobsen staked the Copper Cleft and the Mound on Nickel Plate Mountain for W.Y. Williams.
1897Kettle River Valley waggon road completed to Rock Creek, BC.
1897Macleod, N-WT.: Holy Cross RC Church built.
1897B.C.: The Spokane and Fort Steele Telegraph Company completes its line from Kalispell to Fort Steele.
1897East Kootenays, BC: Robert Henry Bohart erects a hotel on his property on Kootenay River at Big Sand Creek.
1897B.C.: R.A. Brown leases the Volcanic to the Olive Mining and Smelting Company.
1897Phœnix Mountain, BC: Knob-Hill Gold Mining Company oraganized by J.P. Graves of Spokane and F.P. Bucke of Sherbrooke, P.Q., to take over the Knob-Hill mine.
1897Phœnix Mountain, BC: Paddy Clark of Spokane bonds the Snowshoe.
1897Rossland, BC: Miners’ Union Hall built.
1897Lethbridge, N-WT: Town hires Corporal Thomas Lewis of the N-WMP to enforce the municipal by-laws in his spare time.
1897St. Eugene’s Mission, BC: Under the direction of Father Coccola, Jas. Matt. Easterbrook completes the Mission’s extant neo-Gothic church near Cranbrook.
1897B.C.: Albert Mutz, Fritz Sick and G.H. Scott form the Fort Steele Brewing Company.
1897CircaThe “Cariboo Gold Mining and Milling Company” reorganized in Toronto as the Cariboo Consolidated Gold Mining Company to work the Cariboo-Amelia and buy up surrounding properties at Camp McKinney.
1897JanuaryW.G. Gooderham and T.E. Blackstock form a syndicate with senator G.A. Cox and buy the War Eagle Gold Mining Company for $850,000.
1897Jan. 12The London and Vancouver Finance and Development Company formed in England to buy up B.C. mining properties; A.T. Nation, director.
1897Jan. 14Preliminary agreement on Crow’s Nest Pass railroad announced.
1897February GN acquires control of the Kaslo and Slocan Railway.
1897Feb. 1CPR buys Columbia and Kootenay Steam Navigation Company.
1897MarchStaking of the right-of-way of the Crow’s Nest Line east of the Rockies completed.
1897Mar. 4Rossland, BC: Incorporated as a City.
1897Mar. 5Lethbridge, N-WT: The Alberta Railway and Coal Company shuts down its “Galt No. 1” mine.
1897Mar. 16Macleod, N-WT: Si'k-okskitsis (Charcoal) hung at for murder.
1897Mar. 18Nelson, BC: Incorporated as a City.
1897Mar. 18B.C.: Latimer’s townsite plan of Fairview filed (see June 9).
1897SpringB.C.: The provincial government passes the Loan Act of 1897.
1897SpringTrail, BC: Branch of the Bank of British North America opens.
1897SpringRevelstoke, BC: Kootenay Smelting and Trading Syndicate smelter building undercut by Columbia River; completely washed away by 1899.
1897AprilNakusp, BC: CPR launches Kootenay (1117 tons). Withdrawn 1919.
1897Apr. 5Captains Francis Patrick Armstrong and J.D. Miller partner with James F. Wardner to form the International Transportation Company. $60,000 in capital, headquarters in Spokane, Washington.
1897Apr. 5Wardner, BC: Crahan and Company in the Rookery Building, Spokane, begin selling building lots.
1897Apr. 6Maiden voyage of Kootenay.
1897Apr. 6Trail, BC: Electric power generation begins for the smelter.
1897Apr. 15Grand Forks, BC: Incorporated as a City.
1897Apr. 16Rossland, BC: Construction of the Mater Miseracordia hospital begins.(see late 1896)
1897May 1Wardner, BC: First settlers arrive on the townsite.
1897May 6West Kootenay Power organization begins dam construction at the Lower Bonnington Falls on the Lower Kootenay River.
1897May 7Gwendoline and Ruth of International Tranportation Co. smashed in the Jennings Canyon on the Upper Kootenay River. Gwendoline repaired, Ruth salvaged.
1897May 8Vancouver, Victoria and Eastern Railway & Navigation Company incorporated in B.C. by William Templeton, W.L Nicol, G.L. Milne, J.T. Bethune, Alexander Ewan.
1897May 8West Kootenay Power and Light Company incorporated in B.C.: Oliver Durant, president.
1897May 8D.W. Moore, J.D. Munn and Franklin McKay obtain a B.C. charter for the Kaslo and Lardo-Duncan Railway.
1897May 8Bedlington and Nelson Railway incorporated.
1897May 8South Kootenay Water Power Company enchartered.
1897May 12Rosebery, BC: CPR launches Slocan (578 tons) onto Slocan Lake. Re-built, re-registered, re-launched on September 30, 1905. Retired in 1928.
1897May 28International Transportation Co. launches North Star at Libby, MT.
1897June endCaptain M.D. McCall and the M.P. Zindorf Construction Company of Seattle set up the Kootenay Lumber and Manufacturing Company at Wardner, B.C.
1897June 2N-WT: CPR takes possession of the “Turkey Track.”
1897June 3CP and Ottawa reach accord on Crow’s Nest Pass railroad.
1897June 4Rossland, BC: Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace open their new Mater Miseracordia Hospital. (see late 1896)
1897June 9B.C.: Davidson & Russell’s townsite plan for Fairview filed. (see March 18)
1897June 20Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.
1897SummerSimon and William Guggenheim make tour of appraisal in southern B.C. Buy the dean claim on North Star Hill.
1897June 24Wardner International begins weekly publication: Fred. E. Simpson and Horace T. Brown.
1897June 28Maiden voyage of the North Star on Upper Kootenay River.
1897June 29The federal Act to authorize subsidy for Crow’s Nest Line (60-61 Victoria, Chap.5) Crow’s Nest Pass Agreement becomes Law.
1897June 29The federal “An Act respecting the British Columbia Southern Railway Co.” (60-61 Victoria, Chap.36) permits the BC Southern to extend itself eastward to the “Calgary and Macleod Railway” and Lethbridge.
1897June 29Federal political: 60-61 Victoria C 5 grants an $11,000/mile subsidy to the B.C.Southern and requires the line to pass within 500 yards of Macleod’s town limits.
1897June 29Federal political: 60-61 Victoria C 66 “An Act to incorporate the Columbia River Bridge Company” granted royal assent. Capitalized to $500,000; headquarters, Trail, BC. F.A. Heinze, et al.
1897June 29Federal political: Royal assent for 60-61 Victoria C 41 allowing the Columbia and Kootenay Navigation and Railway Company to connect its line to CP’s Mainline at Revelstoke.
1897June 29Federal political: Alien Labour Act which had received royal assent.
1897June 30Crown grants Arthur Burroughs Fenwick title to his pre-emption, the future Wardner, B.C., townsite.
1897July 2Okanagan Landing, BC: The sternwheeler Fairview, launched in 1894, burns.
1897July 10Grand Forks, BC: Fire Brigade organized.
1897July 12Greenwood, BC: Incorporated as a City.
1897July 14Lethbridge, N-WT: Sod turning for the Crow’s Nest Line. Grading begins east and west from “Haneyville” near Macleod, N-WT.
1897July 17Lethbridge, N-WT: Work begins on Crow’s Nest Line.
1897July 27B.C.: Draft of contract to build the B.C. Southern received governmental approval.
1897July 30The “tripartite agreement” among CP, Kootenay Coal and the B.C. Southern Railway Company allowing the construction of the Crowsnest Pass railroad.
1897AugustCPR Vice-President Shaughnessy announces that CP will build into Rossland.
1897Aug. 10Trail, BC: smelter pours its first ingot of gold.
1897Aug. 14Lethbridge, N-WT: Bank of Montreal opens a branch.
1897Aug. 16WA: The Kootenai River Transportation Company, Limited, incorporated. $50,000 in capital, headquarters in Spokane, John D. Farrell, Captain M.L. McCormack and W.J.C. Wakefield, trustees.
1897Aug. 16Wardner, BC: Maria Howden Armstrong purchased Fenwick’s Lot 1901 for one dollar.
1897Sep. 1B.C.: Spokane and Fort Steele Telegraph Company inaugurated service.
1897Sep. 5Nelson, BC: Hall Mines blew in to then the biggest copper blast furnace in the world.
1897Sep. 18Wardner, BC: Frank McCabe receives appointment as first post master.
1897AutumnLondon, England: J. Whitaker Wright has his London and Globe Finance Company set up the British-America Corporation, Limited, to channel investments into the Kootenays.
1897AutumnRossland, BC: F.A. Heinze buys the Rossland Miner.
1897AutumnN-WT: The siding of “Livingstone” established by the CPR at what is now Burmis, AB.
1897Sep. 23B.C.: Mackenzie and Mann et al buy the Vancouver, Victoria & Eastern Railway for $75000.
1897Sep. 23B.C.: Lot 1901 registered as the townsite of Wardner.
1897Sep. 27B.C.: Columbia and Western Railway trackage 21.1 miles from Trail to West Robson complete.
1897Sep. 29Wardner, BC: First school class taught; Clara Warren, presiding.
1897Sep. 29Wednesday.
1897OctoberB.C.: Road to Moyie from Rykert’s completed.
1897OctoberLethbridge, N-WT: WFM delegation arrives from Montana to organize Lethbridge Miners Union for AR&C miners.
1897Oct. 1N-WT: Responsible government proclaimed.
1897Oct. 4Northport, WA: Corbin completes the Columbia River bridge on the Columbia and Red Mountain Railway.
1897Oct. 6The contract between the federal government and the CPR to build the B.C. Southern signed.
1897Oct. 20Kootenay Coal Company incorporated federally; headquartered in Montréal, Jas. Baker, president and Geo.A. Cox, vice.
1897Oct. 27B.C.: F.A. Heinze opens his standard gauged Columbia and Western Railway to Robson West.
1897Oct. 28Princeton, BC: John Fall Allison dies. (see Dec. 14)
1897November“the Springs,” District of Alberta, N-WT: CP crews grading the Crow’s Nest Line arrive at “tenth siding,” now Blairmore, AB.
1897NovemberN-WT: Crews begin construction of the Crow’s Nest Line bridge over the Pincher Creek west of present-day Brocket, AB.
1897NovemberSand Creek Crossing, BC: Wm. Stewart establishes Sand Creek Crossing Hotel near the future site of Galloway on the right-of-way of the B.C. Southern.
1897Nov. 8Jennings, MT: The Kootenai River Transportation Co. launches the J.D. Farrell onto the Upper Kootenay River.
1897Nov. 11Swansea, BC: BC Southern tote road reaches Moyie Lake.
1897Nov. 18BC political: Honourable T.R. McInnes commissioned lieutenant-governor.
1897Nov. 18Nakusp, BC: CPR launches Rossland (884 tons). Sank 1917, raised, stripped and sold.
1897DecemberCoal Creek, BC: Wm. Blakemore and his Nova Scotia coal miners arrive and begin sinking Crow’s Nest Pass Coal Co.’s first mine.
1897Dec. 6Slocan City, BC: First train travels the C&K’s Slocan branch to Nelson and back.
1897Dec. 14Princeton, BC: J.F. Allison dies at home nearby. (see Oct. 28)
1897Dec. 14The J.F. Allisons’ son-in-law, S.D. Sandes, files claim to 331 acres on what is today the Princeton townsite.
1897Dec. 15First meeting of the Trades and Labour Council of B.C. James Wilkes elected VP of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada, and head of the B.C. Council.
1897Dec. 16Captain M.D. McCall and John Sucksmith organize the Wardner Saw and Planing Mills Company.
1897Dec. 23Arrowhead, BC: CPR’s B.C. Lake and River Service’s Naksup burns on Upper Arrow Lake.
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